What Are Phyto Cannabinoids

Recently, cannabidiol and cannabinoids in general, have been talked about a great deal. The health benefits of cannabidiol (CBD) and how it interacts with the Endocannabinoid System, are still being uncovered but understanding the relationship between endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids is crucial in understanding the wellness attributes of CBD. At this time, there are three known sources for cannabinoids, endocannabinoids, which are produced inside the human body and phytocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by plants and synthetic cannabinoids that are produced synthetically in a lab. Cannabinoid is the name given to a group of over 90 compounds that were originally discovered in the cannabis plant but other cannabinoids have been found in different plants, since their discovery.

Synthetic cannabinoids are simply cannabinoid replicas that have been engineered in a pharmaceutical lab setting to produce the same interactions inside the human body, that phytocannabinoids do. As mentioned, cannabinoids were named after the cannabis plant because of there original discovery in that plants cell structure but phytocannabinoids occur in other plants as well. The following plants produce either a cannabinoid or a compound that behaves like cannabinoids, in that they interact with the Endocannabinoid System.

  • Acmella Oleracea (Electric Daisy)
  • Piper Nigrum (Black Pepper)
  • Radula Marginata (Liverwort)
  • Echinacea (Coneflower)
  • Helichrysum Umbraculigerum (Sunflower family)
  • Theobroma Cacao (Cacao or chocolate)
  • Chinese Rhododendron 
  • Piper Methysticum (Kava)
  • Tuber Melanosporum (Black Truffle)

These plants all are being used for some form of holistic remedy but they only produce one specific phytocannabinoid, or family of cannabinoids per plant. They serve one medicinal purpose with little to no ability to interact with the ECS on a broader scale. This is vastly different from cannabis plants, as they produce a broader spectrum of cannabinoids that can be used for the treatment of a number of different diseases and ailments. Of the 90 plus cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, the 8 most prevalent are

  • Cannabigerol (CBG
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
  • Cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Cannabichromene (CBC)
  • Cannabidivarin (CBGV)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
  • Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
  • Cannabichromevarin (CBCV)

Cannabidiol can also be broken down into the 7 major phytocannabinoids that make up the CBD category but other than CBDV listed above, they are all present in smaller amounts.

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